The Plants

Click on any of the following products for detailed planting instructions.

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”Rattlesnake

Soil pH – 6.0 – Sow the seeds 1 inch deep, about 6 inches apart, in rows 18 inches apart. Beans do not do well in a wide row planting. They must have room on either side for maximum production. Plant after all danger of frost has past. Do not plant too soon! If the soil has not warmed sufficiently, the seeds will rot in the ground before they germinate. For an earlier crop, place black plastic over the row one week before planting. Slit the plastic with an X mark every 6 inches and plant 2 seeds in each opening. Make sure the soil underneath the plastic is thoroughly tilled. Use Rotenone or pyrethrum to control Mexican bean beetles. Avoid overhead watering and do not handle plants when they are wet. For Pole Beans – Till an area 4 feet by 4 feet. Incorporate compost into the soil and cover the bed with black plastic. Make a teepee out of 3 to 4 poles and stick into the bed. Cut a circle of plastic out around each pole. Plant 6 to 8 seeds around each pole, thinning to 3 plants per pole. Use a soaker hose to water the bed.

Dragon Carrot

Soil pH 6.0 to 7.0 – We recommend planting carrots in a raised bed, with the wide row method of planting. Begin to plant 2 weeks before the last spring frost, making additional plantings every 2 to 3 weeks for a continuous harvest all summer long. Sow the seeds 1/4 inch deep in loose, deeply tilled soil, placing a few seeds 2 inches apart in all directions, in a row 2 to 3 feet wide. Thin your crop to one plant every 2 inches, using scissors to do so. By using scissors, you will not disturb the roots of your remaining carrots. You can start harvesting baby carrots 35 to 40 days after planting the seeds, and then the remainder of the crop when they are fully mature. To avoid insect problems, a floating row cover may be used, removing only to thin your crop.

Veronica Romenesco Cauliflower

CAULIFLOWER – Soil pH 6.5 – Start the seeds inside 8 weeks before the last spring frost. Transfer outside when the plants are 5 weeks old, spacing 12 to 18 inches apart. We recommend planting in a wide bed. In a 3 foot by 5 foot bed, you can transplant 15 plants. Cauliflower is a heavy feeder, so incorporate plenty of compost into the soil before planting. Harvest the main head in 60-90 days. For safe control of cabbage worms and loopers, dust your crops with Bacillus Thuringiensis (BT).

Green Zebra Tomato

Soil pH 5.5 to 7.0 – Start tomato seeds indoors. Transplant the tomato to a larger pot as needed(only remove bottom of egg carton to prevent transplant shock). The best germination rates occur when the soil temperature is between 72 and 80 degrees F. Therefore, we recommend using a propagation mat or soil heating cables to maintain the soil temperature. Six weeks before the last spring frost, sow 2 or 3 seeds in each pot, eventually thinning to one plant per container. After four weeks, transplant your seedlings into larger pots. About 10 days before the last spring frost, gradually begin hardening off your plants outdoors. A week after the last spring frost, transplant your seedlings to a sunny location outside. Make sure to work plenty of compost into the area, as tomatoes are heavy feeders. Bury your plants deeply, maintaining a distance of 1 to 2 feet between tomato plants, in rows 3 feet apart. You can even pinch off all the leaves except for the top few and bury the entire stem in the soil. Mulch with black plastic to get the plants off to a fast start, and use paper collars around the stem if cutworms are a problem in your area. We recommend placing soaker hoses under the black plastic to supply tomatoes with water during dry spells. Tomatoes should be staked or caged, since many of the older varieties don’t do well when allowed to sprawl on the ground, as they are not resistant to early blight. Once the tomatoes start growing, pinch off all the bottom leaves that are touching the soil. Flea beetles can be controlled with the use of rotenone, and Bacillus Thuringiensis (B.T.) is useful in ontrollingthe tomato horn worm.

Lacinto Dinosaur Kale

Soil pH 5.5 to 6.5 – Kale is best grown as a fall crop, for the summer heat makes the leaves bitter. Start the seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the first fall frost. Transplant outside 3 to 4 weeks later, spacing 12 to 18 inches between the plants. To avoid insect damage, cover the entire row with a floating row cover at planting time, removing only to harvest your crop. For best flavor, harvest after the leaves have received a light frost. Kale is very hardy and may be harvested well into the fall and early winter.

Moon and Stars Watermelon

Soil pH. 6.0 to 7.0 – Plant the seeds outside after the last spring frost(late) -don’t be in too big of a hurry to plant, as the ground must be warm enough for the seeds to germinate! For watermelons, plant a few seeds in hills 6 to 8 feet apart. For the other melons, plant 4 to 6 feet apart. Sow the seeds 1 inch deep. To get the plants off to a good start, mulch with black plastic, and work plenty of compost into the soil before planting, as melons are heavy feeders. Melons need plenty of water during the growing season, so it is a good idea to use soaker hoses or a drip irrigation system. Melons should also be planted in the sunniest spot in the garden. Floating row covers placed over the growing plants will help deter insects. Just remember, the row covers must be taken off once flowers appear on the vines, so insects can pollinate them!

Bennings Green Tint Squash

Soil pH 6.0 to 7.0 – Sow the seeds after all danger of frost has passed in a sunny location of the garden. Sow the seeds one inch deep, 4 feet apart, in rows 6 feet apart. Work plenty of compost into the soil before planting, as pumpkins are heavy feeders. Mulch with black plastic to help retain moisture in the soil as well as controlling weed growth, and remember to fertilize your pumpkin patch monthly. Rotenone or pyrethrum may be used to stop squash bugs and beetles. Pumpkins take a lot of space in the garden, but are fun to watch grow, especially if they look like a flying saucer!

Purple Top Globe Turnip

Soil pH 6.0 to 6.8 – Turnip seeds may be planted 2 to 3 weeks before the last spring frost. In a wide row, sow the seeds 2 inches apart in all directions, thinning to one plant every 2 inches. The use of scissors, in thinning your crop, will not disturb the roots of the remaining turnips. If growing the turnips for “greens” only, the distance between the plants can be kept to a minimum, approximately one inch apart. To avoid insect damage, plant your turnip crop under a floating row cover. Turnips are even tastier when allowed to receive a mild frost; to harvest an autumn crop, start your seeds 6 to 8 weeks before the first fall frost.

Purple Tomatillo Physalis ixocarpa

68 days – Soil pH 5.5 to 7.0 – Start tomatillo seeds indoors. Transplant the tomato/tomatillo to a larger pot as needed(only remove bottom of egg carton to prevent transplant shock). The best germination rates occur when the soil temperature is between 72 and 80 degrees F. Therefore, we recommend using a propagation mat or soil heating cables to maintain the soil temperature. Six weeks before the last spring frost, sow 2 or 3 seeds in each pot, eventually thinning to one plant per container. After four weeks, transplant your seedlings into larger pots. About 10 days before the last spring frost, gradually begin hardening off your plants outdoors. A week after the last spring frost, transplant your seedlings to a sunny location outside. Make sure to work plenty of compost into the area, as tomatoes are heavy feeders. Bury your plants deeply, maintaining a distance of 1 to 2 feet between tomato plants, in rows 3 feet apart. You can even pinch off all the leaves except for the top few and bury the entire stem in the soil. Mulch with black plastic to get the plants off to a fast start, and use paper collars around the stem if cutworms are a problem in your area. We recommend placing soaker hoses under the black plastic to supply tomatoes with water during dry spells. Tomatoes should be staked or caged, since many of the older varieties don’t do well when allowed to sprawl on the ground, as they are not resistant to early blight. Once the tomatoes start growing, pinch off all the bottom leaves that are touching the soil. Flea beetles can be controlled with the use of rotenone, and Bacillus Thuringiensis (B.T.) is useful in ontrollingthe tomato horn worm.

Freckles Lettuce

Soil pH 6.0 to 7.0 – Sow the seeds in early spring, as soon as the soil can be worked; this occurs about four weeks before the last expected spring frost. Plant the seeds 1/8 inch deep in a wide row, 6 inches apart in all directions. Make sure the soil contains a good supply of nitrogen, which is necessary for good leaf production. Plant every two weeks for a continuous harvest all summer long. Make your early spring plantings in a sunny location; however, as the weather warms up, start planting in a partially shaded spot. Lettuce sowed in hot weather goes to seed quickly, so plant extra and pick often once the leaves reach the desirable size. During the summer, a good spot to grow lettuce is against the house on the side that receives the morning sun. Weed frequently, as lettuce has shallow roots and can’t compete with deep rooted weeds.

Tom Thumb Popcorn

SOIL pH 6.0 – Corn and popcorn is best grown in full sun, but make sure it does not shade your other crops when it reaches its full height. Corn is a heavy feeder, so work plenty of compost into the soil before planting. Sow after all danger of frost has passed and the soil is quite warm (70-72 degrees F.). If you start indoors use bottom heat. Planting in soil that has not warmed sufficiently will cause the seeds to rot before they will sprout. Plant 3 seeds, 1 to 1.5 inches deep, every 12 inches. Rows should be about 24 inches apart. To insure proper formation of the ears, we suggest at least four rows of corn in the garden. For smaller gardens, try planting in a 4 foot by 4 foot block. Divide the block into 16, 1 foot by 1 foot, squares. Plant 3 to 4 seeds in the middle of each square. Thin to one plant in each 1 foot by 1 foot square. With this method, you can harvest 16 to 24 ears from a small garden area. Harvest when the kernels are full and milky when pinched. This will occur in 12 to 18 days after the silk first shows. The corn borer can be somewhat controlled by the regular spraying of Rotenone. Remember, corn will cross pollinate readily with other varieties of corn, resulting in poor quality ears or lack of flavor

Kentucky Wonder Pole Bean

Soil pH – 6.0 – Sow the seeds 1 inch deep, about 6 inches apart, in rows 18 inches apart. Beans do not do well in a wide row planting. They must have room on either side for maximum production. Plant after all danger of frost has past. Do not plant too soon! If the soil has not warmed sufficiently, the seeds will rot in the ground before they germinate. For an earlier crop, place black plastic over the row one week before planting. Slit the plastic with an X mark every 6 inches and plant 2 seeds in each opening. Make sure the soil underneath the plastic is thoroughly tilled. Use Rotenone or pyrethrum to control Mexican bean beetles. Avoid overhead watering and do not handle plants when they are wet. For Pole Beans – Till an area 4 feet by 4 feet. Incorporate compost into the soil and cover the bed with black plastic. Make a teepee out of 3 to 4 poles and stick into the bed. Cut a circle of plastic out around each pole. Plant 6 to 8 seeds around each pole, thinning to 3 plants per pole. Use a soaker hose to water the bed.

Bulls Blood Beet

Soil pH 6.0 to 7.5 – Begin planting beets 2 to 3 weeks before the last spring frost, making additional plantings 2 weeks apart for a continuous harvest all during the growing season. Sow the seeds 1/2 inch deep in loose, deeply tilled soil. We recommend using a wide row method of planting for beets. Place 2 seeds, 3 inches apart in all directions, in a row 2 to 3 feet wide, eventually thinning to one plant every 3 inches. We have found that scissors work very well for thinning the plants, as they do not disturb the roots as other methods might.By using a wide row 3 x 5 feet, you can expect to harvest over 200 beets – plenty for fresh use and canning! Beets are a heavy feeder and need to be fertilized at planting time, as well as a month later. If leaf miners are a problem for you in growing beets, the use of a floating row cover will offer nearly 100% protection.

De Cicco Broccoli

BROCCOLI – Soil pH 6.5 – Start the seeds inside 8 weeks before the last spring frost. Transfer outside when the plants are 5 weeks old, spacing 12 to 18 inches apart. We recommend planting in a wide bed. In a 3 by 5 foot bed, you can transplant 15 plants. Harvest the main head in 60-90 days and continue to pick the side shoots until they quit forming. Broccoli is a heavy feeder, so work plenty of compost into the soil before planting. For safe control of cabbage worms and loopers, dust your crops with Bacillus Thuringiensis (BT).

Ruby Red Chard

Soil pH 6.0 – Start the seeds inside 8 weeks before the last spring frost. Transplant into the garden after the last spring frost, spacing 2-3 feet apart.Cut what you need leaving the plant intact for next season. Cut back in the fall and mulch to protect from the winter weather. One of the easiest vegetables to grow You may harvest your crop the following spring. Perennial to Zone 7.

Rosa Bianca Eggplant

Soil pH – 6.0 – Start eggplant seeds indoors, 6 weeks before the last spring frost, using 3 to 4 inch pots. This size pot is necessary in order to produce nicely sized plants for transplanting. Using fine potting soil, sow the seeds 1/4 inch deep. Remember, these seeds need warm soil to germinate! The best germination rates occur when the soil temperature is between 72 to 80 degrees F. The use of a propagation mat or a heating cable is recommended in order to maintain the correct soil temperature. Eggplant seeds take about 10-15 days to germinate. Once the outside soil temperature has warmed, about 1 to 2 weeks after the last spring frost, transplant in a sunny location. Work a large amount of compost into the soil before planting. When transplanting, put a collar of newspaper around the stem of the plant to avoid cutworm damage. Always use either a soaker hose or a drip irrigation system to avoid getting water on the plant leaves.

California Wonder Pepper

Soil pH – 6.0 – Start pepper seeds indoors, 6 weeks before the last spring frost, using 3 to 4 inch pots. This size pot is necessary in order to produce nicely sized plants for transplanting. Using fine potting soil, sow the seeds 1/4 inch deep. Remember, these seeds need warm soil to germinate! The best germination rates occur when the soil temperature is between 72 to 80 degrees F. The use of a propagation mat or a heating cable is recommended in order to maintain the correct soil temperature. Pepper seeds take about 10-15 days to germinate. Once the outside soil temperature has warmed, about 1 to 2 weeks after the last spring frost, transplant in a sunny location. Work a large amount of compost into the soil before planting. When transplanting, put a collar of newspaper around the stem of the plant to avoid cutworm damage. Always use either a soaker hose or a drip irrigation system to avoid getting water on the plant leaves. Fun fact: they love phosphorous so put a book of matches in the plant hole cover with some soil then plant your pepper or eggplant transplants.

French Breakfast Radish

Soil pH 6.0 to 7.5 – Begin planting beets 2 to 3 weeks before the last spring frost, making additional plantings 2 weeks apart for a continuous harvest all during the growing season. Sow the seeds 1/2 inch deep in loose, deeply tilled soil. We recommend using a wide row method of planting for beets. Place 2 seeds, 3 inches apart in all directions, in a row 2 to 3 feet wide, eventually thinning to one plant every 3 inches. We have found that scissors work very well for thinning the plants, as they do not disturb the roots as other methods might.By using a wide row 3 x 5 feet, you can expect to harvest over 200 beets – plenty for fresh use and canning! Beets are a heavy feeder and need to be fertilized at planting time, as well as a month later. If leaf miners are a problem for you in growing beets, the use of a floating row cover will offer nearly 100% protection.

Giant Winter Spinach

Soil pH 6.0 – Start the seeds inside 8 weeks before the last spring frost. Transplant into the garden after the last spring frost, spacing 2-3 feet apart. Cut back in the fall and mulch to protect from the winter weather. You may harvest your crop the following spring. Perennial to Zone 7.

Tomato; Yellow Brandywine, Cherokee Purple, Red and Yellow Pear

Soil pH 5.5 to 7.0 – Start tomato seeds indoors. Transplant the tomato to a larger pot as needed(only remove bottom of egg carton to prevent transplant shock). The best germination rates occur when the soil temperature is between 72 and 80 degrees F. Therefore, we recommend using a propagation mat or soil heating cables to maintain the soil temperature. Six weeks before the last spring frost, sow 2 or 3 seeds in each pot, eventually thinning to one plant per container. After four weeks, transplant your seedlings into larger pots. About 10 days before the last spring frost, gradually begin hardening off your plants outdoors. A week after the last spring frost, transplant your seedlings to a sunny location outside. Make sure to work plenty of compost into the area, as tomatoes are heavy feeders. Bury your plants deeply, maintaining a distance of 1 to 2 feet between tomato plants, in rows 3 feet apart. You can even pinch off all the leaves except for the top few and bury the entire stem in the soil. Mulch with black plastic to get the plants off to a fast start, and use paper collars around the stem if cutworms are a problem in your area. We recommend placing soaker hoses under the black plastic to supply tomatoes with water during dry spells. Tomatoes should be staked or caged, since many of the older varieties don’t do well when allowed to sprawl on the ground, as they are not resistant to early blight. Once the tomatoes start growing, pinch off all the bottom leaves that are touching the soil. Flea beetles can be controlled with the use of rotenone, and Bacillus Thuringiensis (B.T.) is useful in ontrollingthe tomato horn worm.

Hales Best Melon

Soil pH. 6.0 to 7.0 – Plant the seeds outside after the last spring frost-ground must be warm enough for the seeds to germinate.(72 degrees+) For watermelons, plant a few seeds in hills 6 to 8 feet apart. For the other melons, plant 4 to 6 feet apart. Sow the seeds 1 inch deep. To get the plants off to a good start, mulch with black plastic, and work plenty of compost into the soil before planting, as melons are heavy feeders. Melons need plenty of water during the growing season, so it is a good idea to use soaker hoses or a drip irrigation system. Melons should also be planted in the sunniest spot in the garden. Floating row covers placed over the growing plants will help deter insects. Just remember, the row covers must be taken off once flowers appear on the vines, so insects can pollinate them

Lemon Cucumber

Soil pH 5.5 to 6.5 – Plant outside 1 to 2 weeks after the last spring frost. We recommend growing cucumbers on a trellis, for ease of harvesting and more thorough pest control. Plant 2-3 seeds every 8 to 12 inches along the trellis. When the seeds sprout, thin to one plant every 8 to 12 inches. As the plants grow, they will need help at first guiding them up the trellis. Harvest the cucumbers often and do not let the cucumbers get too big, as this will slow up future productivity of the plant. Cucumbers like plenty of sun and water. Avoid wetting the plants, if possible, when watering. If cucumber beetles are a problem in your area, Rotenone may be dusted on the plants to control them. If a cucumber plant starts to wilt from a bacterial infection, remove the infected plant immediately but don’t use for compost-throw away.

Sunflowers

Sunflower seeds can be started indoors or sown outdoors directly into the garden. After planting, cover them with a screen, as the birds and animals love to dig the seeds out. If you plant sunflowers indoors, use individual pots or our tare away egg cartons. Start two to three weeks before the last frost date for your area. Plant one or two seeds per pot, thinning to one before planting outdoors. If you grow them to feed the birds, look for seedlings growing near the base of last year’s crop. They can be left to grow, or transplanted to another location. Whether you plant directly outdoors or transplant them, make the final spacing as follows:

  • Giants: Space three feet apart in rows three to four feet apart.
  • Regular/Intermediate sizes: Space two feet apart in rows three feet apart.
  • Miniatures: Space one foot apart in rows three feet apart.

For individual planting, put the seedling or seeds in just about any sunny location. Plant either individual, in groups, or in patterns. Make sure they are visible from your deck, porch and windows. Did you know? Sunflowers always point their blooms or face to the rising sun in the East. Keep this in mind as you determine where to plant them.


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